We are going over the process to install Red Hat Enterprise Linux. We created a new VM in our Hyper-V environment and we will install the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 from scratch on that new VM.
Microsoft and Red Hat are supporting each other and there are a lot of synergies between them. Microsoft Azure for instance allows easy provisioning of Red Hat Enteprise Linux 7.2 and the Red Hat solutions interoperates with Microsoft and VMWare solution (Virtualization for instance), besides of Identity, OpenStack and so forth.
You may be wondering.. Is he posting a Red Hat article? Well, to be honest Red Hat was one of my first IT certifications, soon after my Windows NT 4 certification :). For any IT professional is good to understand different platforms and make them work together, so interoperability is a key component on any IT environment. It is rare to find a company that is using a single vendor on its entire production environment.
The first step is to download the Red Hat Enterprise Linux and we can do that by clicking here, an account with Red Hat will be required and we can create in a few minutes.
The Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation process differs from the current Microsoft deployment process, using Red Hat we can select several items of the basic configuration during the installation process, and by the time the system is complete the server has most of its configuration in place. It is a different approach for Microsoft administrators but effective.
We are going to start by configuring a new VM using the ISO that we have download from Red Hat, and let’s spin the new server, in the boot page select Install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 and hit enter.
The Red Hat installation wizard is clean and helps the administrator to navigate through the settings available during the installation time in an easy way. In the welcome page, we need to define the language that will be used during the installation.
Red Hat uses a single page to allow the administrator to define the initial settings during the installation time, basically all tasks configuring the system will be triggered from this page, and when we finish any given task we will be back to the Installation Summary.
The Begin Installation button will be available only when all the warning indications are satisfied. Keep in mind that any new screen that we wil use to configure some of the settings will have a done button on top of the screen, so configure what you have to do and hit that button to return to the screen below.
Date and Time…
We can start by clicking on Date and Time, and a new page will be open. We can select our region on the world map, we can configure the date and time at the bottom of the page. Also, we can configure NTP settings on the right-upper corner.
In this new page, we can configure the Base environment which is the main role of the server. We have a couple of options, such as: Minimal Install, Infrastructure Server, File and Print Server, Basic Web Server, Virtualization Host, and Server with GUI. We are going to select Server with GUI, and on the right side we can select add-ons which are features that we can add to the server.
Network and Host Name
In this section, the administrator is able to configure the IP settings of the server and the server name.
By the time we check all the Localization, Software and System areas, we will probably have done all the leg work on the initial settings of the new server, just click on Begin installation to start transfering the bits from the media to the server as part of the installation process.
As the operating system is being installed, we have to define two important settings: root password and user creation. The root password is the equivalent to the administrator to the Microsoft world, and we need to define a strong password.
In the Root password page, we are defining the new root password.
In the Create user page. We are creating a second user and we will give administrator privileges by checking the option Make this user administrator.
After clearing those two items, the warning indication will disappear and now it is just matter of time for the installation to be completed.
When the installation finishes, the reboot button will be displayed, click on it to restart the server and that will bring the first boot of the new Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
Initial Setup Section
After restarting the server, the administrator has to go over the License Information, and it is also able to configure the network and host name. Another option available is the Subscription Manager which allows the server to register with the Red Hat Customer Portal and from a single location we can check all the products registered in the account.
In the License information page. Read and if you are in agreement, then click on I accept the license agreement and then click Done.
Back to the main page and if everything is good (no warning signs) click on Finish Configuration button.
First Logon Section..
The first logon will be using the additional account (in our Tutorial we created Darth.Vader), however I personally prefer to log on as root. In order to do that, click on Not Listed?
Type in root, click Next. Fill out the credentails and click on Sign in.
After logging on for the first time, the administrator has to configure the language (the default is the one choosen during the installation process).
In the Typing page. The administrator can configure the keyboard to be used on this server.
In the Onine accounts page. The logged user is able to connect with Online accounts, such as: Google and Microsoft live.
The final page is saying that everything went well, and the server is ready to be configured for the planned purposed and then moved into production.